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Environmental Effects of Sand and Gravel Mining on Land ...

2020-8-21  Results from field observation showed that one of the physical effects of sand and gravel mining in Luku is the reduction of farmlands and grazing lands. Farming and animal rearing is one of the activities taking place in the area but sand and gravel mining has taken up most of the productive land meant for these activities. This is because for sand and gravel to be extracted, vegetation is destroyed

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Effects of type, level and time of sand and gravel mining ...

2018-5-2  In turn, sand and gravel mining could change the amount of transported sediment load and river-bed erosion by changing the flow regime (Baratelli et al., 2016, Kheirfam and Sadeghi, 2017, Sadeghi and Kheirfam, 2015, Walling and Fang, 2003). However, there is no comprehensive information on the role of active and non-active mines on SS behavior.

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Sand and gravel mining: effects on ground water resources ...

2008-2-8  Another effect of sand and gravel mining is the loss of the protection provided by soil as it filters out pollutants (Rutherford et al. 1992; Kalbitz et al. 2000).

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(PDF) Environmental Effects of Sand and Gravel Mining on ...

The increase in the demand for sand and gravel for construction and other purposes such as flood control has placed immense pressure on the environment where sand and

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Environmental Effects of Sand and Gravel Mining on Land ...

2014-4-3  The increase in the demand for sand and gravel for construction and other purposes such as flood control has placed immense pressure on the environment where sand and gravel resources occur.

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(PDF) Effects of Sand/Gravel Mining in Minna Emirate Area ...

Abstract and Figures. The paper examined sand and gravel mining activities both on land and the rivers as a business venture in Minna emirate council of Niger state, Nigeria. It identified various ...

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What Are The Negative Effects Of Sand Mining? - WorldAtlas

The ill effects of sand mining on wildlife are not confined to beaches and sandbanks, but also include underwater ecosystems. When sand is mined from seabeds or river beds,

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Impacts of Sand Mining - ismenvis.nic

Sand-and-gravel mining in stream channels can damage public and private property. Channel incision caused by gravel mining can undermine bridge piers and expose buried pipelines and other infrastructure. Several studies have documented the bed degradation caused by the two general forms of instream mining: (1) pit excavation and (2) bar skimming.

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Effects of Sand/Gravel Mining in Minna Emirate Area of ...

3. Facts about Mining Effects on the Environment Although sand mining is expected to be regulated by law in many places, Whitehead (2007) opined that it is still many a times done illegally It is rapidly becoming an ecological problem as the demand for sand increases in industry and construction (Wikipedia, 2008; Whitehead, 2007).

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Sand and gravel mining: effects on ground water resources ...

2008-2-8  Sand and gravel deposits along with their associated aquifers are resources that cover approximately 5% of the state of Maine (Thompson and Borns 1985).These sand and gravel deposits are a legacy of the Laurentide ice sheet that covered the region between 35,000 and 11,000 b.p. (Stone and Borns 1986).The study area received deposits consisting of a basal till covered by eskers and fluvial ...

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Environmental Effects of Sand and Gravel Mining on Land ...

The increase in the demand for sand and gravel for construction and other purposes such as flood control has placed immense pressure on the environment where sand and gravel resources occur. This study was carried out to determine the environmental effects of sand and gravel mining in Luku, North central Nigeria, using field observations and laboratory analysis of soil samples.

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An Assessment of Environmental Impacts of Sand and

2015-2-28  Keywords: Assessment, Impacts, Gravel mining, Sand mining, Environment. 1. Introduction Sand and gravel mining refers to the actual process of removal of sand or gravel from a place of their occurrence (Langer, 2003). The places of sand and gravel occurrence are oceans, rivers, streams, flood plains or hills and mountains. The increase in ...

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Sand mining effects, causes and concerns: A case study ...

sand mining. Figure 2 shows the depth of ecxaction in the area. Percentages of gravel, sand, and fines (silt + clay) were recorded for each sample. Table 1 shows grain siza analysis of the study area.Proportions of gravel, sand, and fines (silt + clay) varied within and among resource areas (Table 2).

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CASE STUDIES OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF SAND

2020-7-23  4.3.2.2 Negative effects of mining to people’s lives 59 4.3.2.3 Negative impacts of mining observed by respondents 60 4.3.2.4 Accidents reported during sand and gravel mining 62 4.3.3 Solutions and rehabilitation to sand and gravel mining 63 4.3.3.1 Solutions at community level 64

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PROFILE: Hungry Water: Effects of Dams and Gravel Mining ...

Sand and gravel are mined for construction aggregate from river channel and floodplains. In-channel mining commonly causes incision, which may propagate up- and downstream of the mine, undermining bridges, inducing channel instability, and lowering alluvial water tables.

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What Are The Negative Effects Of Sand Mining? - WorldAtlas

2018-11-13  However, when sand mining occurs in turtle nesting habitats, it leads to the loss of nesting sites. Therefore, sand mining can be a factor responsible for the disappearance of a species. The negative effects of sand mining on local wildlife are

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Impacts of riverine sand mining on freshwater ecosystems ...

2020-2-5  Rivers are a major source of sand and gravel for numerous reasons: cities tend to be located near rivers so transport costs are low; river energy grinds rocks into gravels and sands, thus eliminating the cost of mining, grinding, and sorting rocks; and the material produced by rivers tends to consist of resilient minerals of angular shape that ...

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Sand Extraction: 1. Introduction - GreenFacts

2021-7-30  Introduction. Sand and gravel are used extensively in construction. In the preparation of concrete, for each tonne of cement, the building industry needs about six to seven times more tonnes of sand and gravel (USGS, 2013b). Thus, the world’s use of aggregates for concrete can be estimated at 25.9 billion to 29.6 billion tonnes a year for 2012 alone.

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Environmental Effects of Sand and Gravel Mining on Land ...

The increase in the demand for sand and gravel for construction and other purposes such as flood control has placed immense pressure on the environment where sand and gravel resources occur. This study was carried out to determine the environmental effects of sand and gravel mining in Luku, North central Nigeria, using field observations and laboratory analysis of soil samples.

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An Assessment of Environmental Impacts of Sand and

2015-2-28  Keywords: Assessment, Impacts, Gravel mining, Sand mining, Environment. 1. Introduction Sand and gravel mining refers to the actual process of removal of sand or gravel from a place of their occurrence (Langer, 2003). The places of sand and gravel occurrence are oceans, rivers, streams, flood plains or hills and mountains. The increase in ...

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EFFECT OF THE INITIAL LOCATION ON SAND AND

2016-9-27  effects of over-mining of sand and gravel, which can cause irreversible damages to the morphology of the rivers, and to the nearby structures. Pit migration, based on the hydraulic condition of the river and also the geometry of the pit could be in the downstream or upstream direction. A number of earlier studies have been carried out on

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Sand mining effects, causes and concerns: A case study ...

sand mining. Figure 2 shows the depth of ecxaction in the area. Percentages of gravel, sand, and fines (silt + clay) were recorded for each sample. Table 1 shows grain siza analysis of the study area.Proportions of gravel, sand, and fines (silt + clay) varied within and among resource areas (Table 2).

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Sand and gravel mining impact on the surface water quality ...

2014-7-29  There are seventeen sand and gravel pits operated between the cities Doğankent and Tirebolu along with the main branch of stream Harşit that passes through the city of Tirebolu (Bayram and Onsoy 2011).Instream sand and gravel mining activities that continue to operate illegally in many places (Fig. 2) as well as wash-water discharges (Fig. 3) have an impact upon the stream’s water quality.

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Impacts of riverine sand mining on freshwater ecosystems ...

2020-2-5  Rivers are a major source of sand and gravel for numerous reasons: cities tend to be located near rivers so transport costs are low; river energy grinds rocks into gravels and sands, thus eliminating the cost of mining, grinding, and sorting rocks; and the material produced by rivers tends to consist of resilient minerals of angular shape that ...

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MINISTRY OF NATURAL RESOURCES AND

2010-4-13  Collins et al. (1990) summarised the effects of sand and gravel mining as listed below: a) Extraction of bed material in excess of replenishment by transport from upstream causes the bed to lower (degrade) upstream and downstream of the site of removal.

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An Assessment of the Impact of Sand Mining: Unguja,

2020-10-13  sand. Environmentally, mining along riverbanks and coastlines has had irrevocable effects, though it has had many social impacts as well. Illegal sand mining in the mainland, as well as in Zanzibar, can often create bad relationships between miners and property owners or communities.

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Hydraulic Impacts of Quarries and Gravel Pits

2014-9-17  Sand and Gravel Pits Impacts on Ground-Water Levels and Flow Direction. Sand and gravel pits are typically located in alluvial floodplains along streams and in glacial deposits. The sites studied for this project are shown in Figure 1 above. Two alluvial sand and gravel pits, Donovan pit and the Leitzen-Grabau pit, along the Zumbro

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Impacts of Mining on Rivers - River Network

2002-1-15  Mine dumps, tailing piles and unmined mineral “Hardrock minerals” refer to “locatable” materials in rock, such as metals, uranium and uncommon varieties of sand, stone and gravel claimed and developed under the General Mining Law of 1872. But not all mining is hardrock. Coal, oil, gas phosphate, potash, sodium, sulphur and other ...

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